S&W Model 1 Through 1 1/2 and Variations With Pictures of Each

The Smith & Wesson Model 1 was issued in three different variations. Each issue included technical advances and redesigns. Listed below are the specifications of each issue  and what was changed as well as a visual example of each variation.
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Model 1 - 1st Issue
Smith and Wesson Model 1 - 1st Issue
The S&W Model 1 1st Issue is the most rare. Only 12,000 were produced over 3 years. 
The distinguishing features for the 1st issue are:
•             flared, square cornered shaped grip (also featured in the 2nd Issue)
•             split articulated hammer
•             small round side plate located between the rear of the cylinder and the grip (similar to early Colt open tops)
•             in early models a flat spring barrel mount catch.
There are said to also be 6 sub-variations within the 1st Issue. Each of these include minor changes in design such as the barrel latch going form a flat spring to a bayonet style. The barrel rifling and recoil shield was also changed.
Serial Numbers range for Model 1 1st issue were 1-12,000
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Model 1 - 2nd Issue
S&W Model 1 - 2nd Issue
The 2nd Issue of the Model 1 shares the same grip and frame design as the 1st issue so they are often confused. There are several notable differences listed below.
•             The side plate on the 2nd Issue was much larger and irregularly shaped replacing the round one.
•             The profile of the frame was more flat
•             the hammer was now made in one piece
110,000 2nd Issues were produced from 1860- 1868
Serial numbers range  12,000 - 120,000
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Model 1- 3rd Issue
Smith and Wesson Model 1- 3rd Issue
The Model 1 3rd Issue included a more substantial change in design from the 1st and 2nd  Issue.
Changes included:
  • fluted cylinder
  • round barrel
  • rounded "bird's head" style grip
  • Finish options included nickel plate and blued steel
Produced from 1868 through 1882, the 3rd Issues were serial number range 1 -  131,000.

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The Model 1 1/2 had three issues. The first two (known as the first and second issues) were "tip-up" revolvers with the barrel release catch located on the side of the frame in front of the trigger, while the third (known as the "Model 1 1/2 Single Action Revolver") was a "top-break", with the barrel release catch located on the top of the frame, just in front of the hammer.
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Model 1 1/2 1st Issue
S&W Model 1 1/2 1st Issue
The first issue of the Model 1 1/2 can be identified by :
·         smooth cylinder (lacking fluting)
·         square shape of the grip butt
·         blued or nickel plated finishes
·          most had 3 1/2" barrels, 4" barrel were made but less common
Serial number range 1 - 26,300
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Model 1 1/2 - 2nd Issue
The second issue of the Model 1 1/2 features:
·         rounded barrel
·         rounded shape of the grip butt
·         also produced in blued steel and nickel plated finish
·          commonly 3 1/2" barrel, A rare 2 1/2" barrel was also made with the barrel markings on the side of the barrel  as opposed to the top strap on  3 1/2" barrels.
2nd Issue serial numbered consecutively after the 1st Issue were 26,300 -  127,000.
There was a transitional run in 2nd issue that used unrounded 1st issue barrels. The serial number range for transitional models was approximately 27,200 through 28,800.
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Single Action Revolver
Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2 Single Action Revolver
The third issue Model 1 1/2 is known as the "Model No. 1 1/2 Single Action Revolver"
There were major changes in this model including:
·         Top break design (just forward of the hammer)
·         No ejector rod under the barrel
·          large hinge located in front of and just below the barrel
·          an extractor that ejects spent cartridges when the barrel is opened
·         rounded butt grips similar to ones on the 2nd Issue
·         marked the debut of the .32 S&W centerfire cartridge.
Serial numbers range  1 - 97,500

Flechettes, THV, B-Patrone, and Other Unusual Ammo With Cut Away Cross Sections

Flechettes are arrow like bullets used in conventional gun models. It's an armor piercing ammunition that has practically no stopping power, but very high penetration and very high velocity.

7.92x57 spotter Ammo Cartridge called B-Patrone. Inertia pin activated which strikes a small capsule of explosive, spreading the white phosphorous. Shows point of impact. Was used in WW2 against the Russians

THV = Très Haute Vitesse meaning very high speed- Originally conceived in France in an attempt to produce an ammo particularly intended for police use. The intent was to achieve good penetration, stopping power and accuracy lowered recoil and to lessen the "danger to surroundings outside the target";

Credit and Thanks go to Kevin Gross (wolfganggross ) Lots More of These Cut-Away Photos To Come

30.06 Special Purpose, AP, Tracer, API and Match projectiles Cut In Half Views

 30.06 Special Purpose with history of the AP, Tracer, API and Match projectiles

Credit and Thanks go to Kevin Gross (wolfganggross ) Lots More of These Cut-Away Photos To Come

Allied and German WWII Rounds Cut Cut In Half (Cross Sectioned)

7.92mm WW2 German, 30/40 two piece cases, 8mm/ 6.5 Carcano, Mix 8mm
7.92mm WW2 German, 30/40 two piece cases, 8mm/ 6.5 Carcano, Mix 8mm

Credit and Thanks go to Kevin Gross (wolfganggross ) Lots More of These Cut-Away Photos To Come

Luger, Kruger and Ruger... A Tale of 3 Pistols

  The German Luger P08 was a legendary pistol back dating all the way back to the early 1900's and is still highly regarded to this day. The Pistole Parabellum 1908 (P08) Luger was widely used by the Germans during World War I and World War II. The recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol design was patented by Georg J. Luger in 1898. This was one of the first semi-automatic pistols ever designed. Even after WWII the Luger was widely used throughout Europe by military and police but was later replaced in most cases by the Walther P38 which was cheaper to manufacture. The namesake 9mm Luger cartridge is still the most popular pistol caliber in the world. Of course the Luger's use by the Germans in just about every WWII movie ever made contributed to its fame here in the USA.

It’s only natural that an American company would have tried to cash in on the Luger name.
The Wham-O toy company was one of the first with their “Kruger” 98 Pistol sold mainly through mail order in the backs of comic books. Here is the original ad copy from one of those ads.
 "Wholesale! $3 00 FULL PRICE KRUGER PISTOLS  .12 CALIBER SINGLE SHOT
Kruger Handgun Paper Ad
Original First Kruger Ad
Crafted after famous German Luger design This is not an air or CO, gun. The Kruger is a small bore gun that actually shoots .12 caliber lead bullets fired by a .14 mg. powder charge. Beautifully designed—ideal for target shooting. It has a 4-inch steel barrel. Over-all length is 834 inches. This amazing low price is due to small bore gun design and direct factory to you sales. The Kruger comes with 50 bullets. Extra bullets are available direct from as or at your local store. This offer is limited. Special Mail Order price of $3.00 each. YOUR MONEY BACK IF YOU ARE NOT COMPLETELY SATISFIED. Adults only. Send $3.00 in check, cash or money order."

   Thousands of excited kids and gun nuts ordered these cool sounding pistols, most were sorely disappointed by what they received in the mail. First of all that .14 mg. powder charge was nothing but a standard paper cap gun cap and the .12 caliber shots were nothing more than bird shot. The caps were enough to actually send the bird shot out the end of the barrel and a few more feet if you were lucky. The guns were almost entirely plastic except for a few internal parts which quickly began to rust from the corrosive cap gun powder. The manual suggested using several caps stacked on top of each other for extra power but the cushion provided by more caps made it impossible for the firing pin to engage more than one or two.

Ruger First Pistol Ad
Original First Ruger Ad
   All of the problems associated with the Kruger left a sour taste in many consumers mouths. Understandably when a similar ad was placed in periodicals and papers soon after many buyers passed on another Luger wanna be. This one seemed to be another play on the Luger name this time with an R at the beginning to replace the L. But this one was a more respectable .22 long rifle caliber and cost a hefty $37.50. Of course this company turned out to be the Ruger that we all have come to trust and love. And the Ruger name belonged to the co-founder of Sturm-Ruger, William B. Ruger. Nevertheless the similarity to the Luger design was undeniable and no doubt on purpose. The Luger pistol was actually based on The Japanese Nambu Pistol design which had been greatly influenced by the German Luger and Mauser pistol designs. See this excerpt from Wikipedia ....... "Just prior to their partnership, Bill Ruger had successfully duplicated two Japanese Baby Nambu pistols in his garage, from a captured Nambu that he acquired from a returning Marine, at the close of World War II. When it came to designing their first auto pistol, Ruger decided to incorporate the looks of the German 9mm Luger and the American Colt Woodsman into their first commercially produced .22 caliber pistol (see Ruger Standard), which became so successful that it launched the entire company.
Japanese WW2 Type 14 Nambu 8mm Pistol
Japanese WW2 Era Type 14 Nambu 8mm Pistol
When potential financial backer Alex Sturm was shown the prototype Ruger had created, he was impressed by its sleek traditional aesthetic and its slight resemblance to the classic nostalgia-evoking Luger pistol.
Realizing that prospective buyers would share his sentiment, Sturm quickly signed on board with an initial investment of $50,000 and the two teamed up to create what was to become an iconic American firearms manufacturing company, Sturm, Ruger and Co."....Wikipedia.org

  

Eventually Rugers quality overcame any stigma associated with the Wham-o offering and everyone forgot about the ill-fated Kruger. What we were left with was a true contender that would soon come to compete with Smith and Wesson and Colt as a mainstream American Firearms manufacturer. Today the Ruger .22 Mark IV 22/45 is probably the most popular .22 automatic pistol of all time and it's name stands for itself.

More info I found on Wikipedia....... "Just prior to their partnership, Bill Ruger had successfully duplicated two Japanese Baby Nambu pistols in his garage, from a captured Nambu that he acquired from a returning Marine, at the close of World War II. When it came to designing their first auto pistol, Ruger decided to incorporate the looks of the German 9mm Luger and the American Colt Woodsman into their first commercially produced .22 caliber pistol (see Ruger Standard), which became so successful that it launched the entire company.
When potential financial backer Alex Sturm was shown the prototype Ruger had created, he was impressed by its sleek traditional aesthetic and its slight resemblance to the classic nostalgia-evoking Luger pistol.
Realizing that prospective buyers would share his sentiment, Sturm quickly signed on board with an initial investment of $50,000 and the two teamed up to create what was to become an iconic American firearms manufacturing company, Sturm, Ruger and Co."....Wikipedia
Original Model Ruger .22 Pistol
Original Ruger .22 Pistol
Kruger Toy Pistol With Box
Original Kruger Toy Pistol

20 rds .30 Pedersen Device Ammo Model of 1918 RARE

.30 Pederson Ammo
 Ultra Rare Find!! 20 rounds .30 Pedersen Device Ammo Model of 1918 in the original box! see photos for condition The Pedersen Device, or as it was formally designation, the Automatic Pistol, Caliber .30, Model of 1918, was a secret weapon intended to help break the stalemate of World War I in the massive spring offensive of 1919. Of course, the was ended late in 1918, and the Pedersen Devices were never fielded. Instead, they sat in storage until being virtually all destroyed (along with the ammo)by the US government to avoid the cost of keeping them. The Device functioned as a replacement for the bolt in a 1903 Springfield rifle, which converted the gun form a bolt action into a blowback semiauto firing a small pistol cartridge (.30-18, or 7.65x20mm). It fed from a 40-round detachable magazine, and did indeed massively increase the volume and rapidity of fire of a Springfield rifle.

.30 Pedersen Device Ammo Model of 1918




Military Ammunition Identification Charts and Graphics

Modern US Military Ammo Chart
5.56 mm, 7.62 mm, 9 mm, 10- and 12-gauge, .22 Caliber, .30 Caliber, .38 Caliber, .45 Caliber, .300 WinMag and .50 Caliber. 5.56 mm cartridge is used in the M16 Rifle, M4 Carbine and M249 Squad Automatic Weapon. The 7.62 mm cartridge is used in the M240 Machine Gun, as well as the M24, M110 and M14 Enhanced Battle Rifle Sniper Rifles. The 9 mm cartridge is fired in the M9 Pistol. The M2010 Sniper Rifle uses the .300 WinMag cartridge.
Visual Color Code and ID Guides-These are just a few useful charts for the identification of various military production ammo cartridges and bullets. Color identification is helpful in classifying surplus ammunition.Pictures may not represent actual size.
M2 US Military Ammo Tip Color Codes
Bullet Tip Color Codes Meaning for US Military Rounds
Military Ammo Cartridges and The Bullets/ Projectiles for Each
Common Military Cartridges and Their Bullets Visual Comparison Chart

Am. Ex. Co. Smith and Wesson S&W DA .38 w/ Letter

I Have This Item For Sale .....Am. Ex. Co. Smith and Wesson S&W DA .38 w/ Letter

This is an American Railway Express Company S&W Double Action 4th model in .38 S&W. It was shipped directly to the American Express Railway Company in 1903 as established by Roy Jinks with included letter. Am. Ex. Co is stamped on the back strap along with the company rack number. It was one of 25 shipped to Am. Ex. At that time. The action is excellent tight and crisp with a good bore. Lock up is very good. There is a star by the serial number indicating that it was at some point sent back to the S&W factory for repair or refinishing. It was likely factory refinished as indicated by the wear patterns compared to the remaining finish. Gun shows holster wear signs that it was carried a lot but the smooth tight action indicates it was rarely if ever fired.  This was probably carried in a holster daily by an agent for many years. This is a very rare find as not many of these are out there. Must ship to FFL or C&R. Buyer must be legally able to purchase and own a firearm. For sale on Gunbroker here https://www.gunbroker.com/item/778119624

Am. Ex. Co. Smith and Wesson S&W DA .38

American Railway Express Company Revolver

Back Strap of an American Express Railways Company .38 S&W

Antique American Express Detective/ Agent Badge

American Express Company Air Service Delivery Truck / Airplane

 From The Letter Of Authenticity :
The revolver you inquired about is a .38 Double Action. This model was introduced in 1880 and
manufactured until 1911, with a total production of 554,077 revolvers. It was designed to fire the
.38 Smith & Wesson cartridge and was available in blue or nickel finish. During the first twenty-nine
years that this model was produced, four major design changes were made. These design
improvements are now classified by collectors as separate models to distinguish the different
variations from the original. The resulting five categories are simply labeled .38 Double Action
First Model through .38 Double Action Fifth Model.
The revolver described in your letter is classified as a .38 Double Action Fourth Model. This
model was introduced in 1889 and manufactured until 1909 with a total production of 216,300
revolvers. These were produced between serial numbers 322001 and 539000 of the .38 Double
Action series.
We have researched your Smith & Wesson .38 Double Action Fourth Model, caliber .38 Smith &
Wesson revolver in company records which indicate that your handgun, with serial number
45----, was shipped from our factory on November 2, 1903 and delivered to American Express
Co. no address listed. This revolver was shipped with a 4 inch barrel, nickel finish, and
checkered black hard rubber grips. This shipment was for 25 units and the back straps were
marked "Am. Ex. Co.". These revolvers were generally delivered to the local American Express
office in Springfield, MA. The star next to the serial number indicates the revolver had been
returned to the factory.